What is Graphite material? Graphite is the most commonly used to serve as the anode material in lithium-ion battery manufacturing due to its relatively low-cost and its energy density. Graphite has great conductive properties and for the most part is readily available. Why is graphite used in batteries? this is the most common choice for transportation for graphite anodes because they cope well with the flow of lithium ions during charging and discharging. 3 main types of graphite are used in the process; natural, synthetic, and spherical graphite. All have their advantages and disadvantages, but regardless they need to be sieved at fine sizes to work for the industry. Sieving graphite for battery materials can be a tricky process due to the varying shape of graphite. Many of the powder requirements call for it to be below 44 microns and traditional screeners do not have the energy to screen graphite at these sizes.